Guide to gemstones – some myths and legends – Sapphire

Guide to gemstones – some myths and legends – Sapphire.

Gemstones have played various roles in the myths and legends of human cultures throughout history.

Some tell a story or are believed to have special powers, but all of them share a common beauty.

Each gemstone is unique with a special colour, birthplace and story.

Gemstones come in every colour of the rainbow and are gathered from all corners of the world.

With each coloured gemstone possessing a unique creation of beautiful colour.

Some gemstones have been treasure since before history began and others were discovered only recently.

At the beginning of each month comes a new stone, some months have two gemstones and lucky me, December as three!!!!!!!!

Some stones I will post about aren’t associated with any month, but that doesn’t make them any less fascinating or stunning

As you will see as we progress through the year.

Guide to gemstones – some myths and legends – Sapphire

On hearing the word Sapphire, many people envision a stunning blue gemstone, mainly due to the fact that this is the colour most associated with Sapphires.

Guide to gemstones - some myths and legends - Sapphire
Stunning blue sapphire

So, it comes as no surprise that Sapphire is derived from the Greek (sappheiros) for blue or blue stone, although some would argue that the Greeks were referring to Lapis Lazuli and not Sapphire

Who knew?

For centuries, the Sapphire has been referred to as the ultimate blue gemstone.

Since ancient times this blue gem has represented a promise of honesty, loyalty, purity, and trust.

And in keeping with this, Sapphires are one of the most popular engagement ring gemstones today along with, of course, diamonds.

Think Diana, Princess of Wales; Kate, Duchess of Cambridge; and more recently, Eugenie, Princess of York, Mrs Jack Brooksbank, although the Princess’ ring is a padparadscha sapphire, pinkish orange.

Guide to gemstones - some myths and legends - Sapphire


Sapphires are found in many parts of the world, but the most prized Sapphires are from Myanmar (Burma) and Sri Lanka (Ceylon).

Sapphires from this region are still referred to as Ceylon Sapphire. 

Although more recently parcels of Sapphires have been found as far apart as Australia and Nigeria.

However, there is one location that surpasses them all, and that is Kashmir.

Kashmiri Sapphires are highly sought after but extremely rare and although the following in not the reason why they are so rare, at the time of posting, this is what was happening in Kashmir

Sapphires with highly saturated violet-blue colour and velvety or sleepy transparency are more rare.

The purer the blue of the Sapphire, the greater the price.

However, many people find that the darker hues of sapphire can be just as appealing.

Fancy Sapphires

Of course, Sapphires are not only blue, they come in almost every colour of the rainbow.

Guide to gemstones - some myths and legends - SapphirePink, yellow, orange, purple, white, and of course red which are better known as Rubies.

The most sought after colour of fancy Sapphires, the name given to Sapphires that are not blue and incidentally account for only two per cent of all Sapphires mined, is the beautiful padparadscha: a pinky-orange corundum with a distinctive salmon colour reminiscent of a tropical sunset as mentioned before.

Whatever your preference in colour there can be no mistaken the appeal of Sapphires.

Let’s have our own poll just for fun, eh?

What colour would you pick?

Please comment below and let’s see which colour is the most popular.


Next Month: Opal

















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